MOSCOW – The last secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Mikhail Gorbachev, during an interview with Russian Interfax, accused the United States for blocking the democratic changes in Russia.
“They did not want the Soviet Union to become a powerful democratic state. It would guarantee that neither the policy of unilateral measures, nor the policy of US domination in global affairs would work, and some American politicians saw Gorbachev as an obstacle to their plans,” said Gorbachev.
Gorbachev remarks appear when anti-American and anti-Western sentiments are growing stronger among Russian society. The recent poll by the prominent Levada Centre that level of hatred in Russia towards United States remained basically unchanged from year to year. 72 percent responders perceive USA as number one enemy of Russia.
Since 1992 former Communist several times have changed his views on causes that led to the collapse of the Soviet Union. At first he even tried to portray the end of a Soviet Era as his personal achievement. He would praise Perestroika (sometimes semi-philosophically: “Perestroika has made us understand this about our past, and the actual experience of recent years has taught us to reckon with the most general laws of civilisation.”) during his numerous lectures in the West (here and here) and even recommending it to the United States as recently as in 2009. In the early 2000s when former KGB operative Vladimir Putin, together with his colleagues from Soviet secret police in Sankt Petersburg, acquired power in Russia, the Perestroika executive started to use another narrative at home, which presented collapse of the system as “tragedy”. In the television interview with Kremlin propaganda station the last successor to Lenin admitted even that he did his best to save the Soviet Union.
In the interview Gorbachev continues to use the narrative claiming that collapse of Soviet Union was a tragedy:
“And then, when they made a bid for Boris Yeltsin, their goal was the same – to prevent the emergence of Russia as a powerful democratic state. Remember, when the [Soviet] Union collapsed, what was the West’s reaction to this tragic event? They said, ‘this is a gift from God”, Gorbachev said.
Former Communist secretary claimed in an interview that he had confidence in his reforms:
“I was absolutely convinced that we were on the right track, and that I was able to resist the forces that stand in the way of perestroika [the process of restructuring the state]. (…) Without confidence in that, I would not have been able to finish the job of getting everyone’s agreement on the text of the New Union Treaty. I have to say that at some point this confidence grew into arrogance, and perhaps this was my main mistake,” Gorbachev contemplated.
As Brian Crozier, renown expert on the Soviet Union, noticed Gorbachev never revealed the goals of his failed plan that reveal true nature of Perestroika and Glasnost:
“His tactical objective was to reform the image of the Soviet system, and thus to persuade the rich countries of the capitalist world to help the USSR financially and economically. His strategic objective was not new: it was to drain the West economically while disarming it, so that, in due course, communism could take over the world” – wrote Crozier.
Even after quarter of century Mikhail Gorbachev have difficulty to admit that the US President Ronald Reagan’s aggressive but peaceful foreign and economic policies combined with an extraordinary effort of Vatican involvement, especially personal initiative by John Paul II, and last but not least . Polish workers “Solidarnosc” struggle for freedom, helped to weaken and disassemble the last neo-colonial system in Europe, the Soviet Union.