After decades-long propaganda actions for population control the United Nations expert had to admit that “fertility patterns in the world have changed dramatically over the last few decades”.

According to new report “nearly half the world lives in below-replacement level fertility countries”.

The World Population Prospects: The 2015 Revision says that today, 46 per cent of the world’s population lives in countries with low levels of fertility, where women have fewer than 2.1 children on average. Total fertility is now 2.5 children per woman globally. This global average masks wide regional differences. Africa remains the region with the highest fertility at 4.7 children per woman. Europe has the lowest fertility of 1.6 children per woman.

Low-fertility countries now include all of Europe and Northern America, as well as many countries in Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean.

Another 46 per cent of the world’s population lives in “intermediatefertility” countries that have already experienced substantial fertility declines and where women have on average between 2.1 and 5 children. The remaining 8 per cent of the world’s population lives in “high-fertility” countries that have experienced only limited fertility decline to date – said authors of the report.

Fertility changes